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The 2021 Maize Harvest

May seem a long way off yet but seed is already being marketed on farm. There are many end uses for the crop but that of traditional forage still accounts for the largest area grown.


To produce the best harvest results one should consider how each field is managed rather that lumping everything into one.

The considerations for each field fall under the broad headings

Geographic location

Soil texture

Variety

Management

Nutrition

Harvest and storage.


Getting the balance correct between each and all will result in the best weight (bulk) of crop, high dry matter content, highest digestibility or high starch content, what ever it is you are prioritising.


To begin lets consider soil texture.

What is the textural group, do you know? How will this help? When was the last soil test carried out and where are the results?!

Knowing the soil textural group indicates the water availability, too much or too little, especially if you had the organic matter content tested for. As a rule of thumb, you need available 300 mm / ha of water within the season for a good crop. Your cultivations will affect water availability for germination and rapid establishment as well as later on in the season.


The year 2019 and now 2020 have been wet. Many fields are not structurally at their best. How much trafficking will the field take now you want to get slurry and farm yard manure out? What impact will this have?


Understanding the strengths the limitations of the soil texture for growing maize has a significant effect on the variety you plant and eventually harvest in 2021. Choose your variety with care as well as pack price.



#seed #location #Soil #Variety #Management #Nutrition #Harvest #storage #test



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